Meta-Context and Choice-Set Effects in Mini-Dictator Games

Folco Panizza, Alexander Vostroknutov, Giorgio Coricelli

Research output: Working paperProfessional

172 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Knowing that some action is possible in principle, even if not available, could affect behaviour. This may happen because a game is perceived as part of a larger game or ‘metacontext’ that includes its outcomes as a proper subset. In an experiment we test the effects of meta-context and specific choice sets on pro-social behaviour in a series of binary mini-Dictator games by eliciting participants’ normative evaluations, fitting a norm-dependent utility, and analysing the residuals. We find that participants’ normative evaluations in mini-Dictator games derive from the meta-context (a standard Dictator game) and explain a sizeable portion of variance in choices. Restricted choice sets of mini-Dictator games also influence participants’ decisions: they take into account dictator’s losses and recipient’s gains from choosing the prosocial action as fractions of their respective maximum payoffs. This choice-set effect correlates with individual measures of rule-following propensity supporting the idea that it is also normative. Thus, there are two types of normative reasoning that contribute to pro-social behaviour: a meta-context and a choice-set effect.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherMaastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics
Number of pages32
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • mini-Dictator games
  • meta-context
  • choice-set effects
  • norms
  • norm-dependent utility

Cite this

Panizza, F., Vostroknutov, A., & Coricelli, G. (2019). Meta-Context and Choice-Set Effects in Mini-Dictator Games. Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics.
Panizza, Folco ; Vostroknutov, Alexander ; Coricelli, Giorgio. / Meta-Context and Choice-Set Effects in Mini-Dictator Games. Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics, 2019.
@techreport{7cf9f330cb46465296b817439d737270,
title = "Meta-Context and Choice-Set Effects in Mini-Dictator Games",
abstract = "Knowing that some action is possible in principle, even if not available, could affect behaviour. This may happen because a game is perceived as part of a larger game or ‘metacontext’ that includes its outcomes as a proper subset. In an experiment we test the effects of meta-context and specific choice sets on pro-social behaviour in a series of binary mini-Dictator games by eliciting participants’ normative evaluations, fitting a norm-dependent utility, and analysing the residuals. We find that participants’ normative evaluations in mini-Dictator games derive from the meta-context (a standard Dictator game) and explain a sizeable portion of variance in choices. Restricted choice sets of mini-Dictator games also influence participants’ decisions: they take into account dictator’s losses and recipient’s gains from choosing the prosocial action as fractions of their respective maximum payoffs. This choice-set effect correlates with individual measures of rule-following propensity supporting the idea that it is also normative. Thus, there are two types of normative reasoning that contribute to pro-social behaviour: a meta-context and a choice-set effect.",
keywords = "mini-Dictator games, meta-context, choice-set effects, norms, norm-dependent utility",
author = "Folco Panizza and Alexander Vostroknutov and Giorgio Coricelli",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "16",
language = "English",
publisher = "Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics",
address = "Netherlands",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics",

}

Panizza, F, Vostroknutov, A & Coricelli, G 2019 'Meta-Context and Choice-Set Effects in Mini-Dictator Games' Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics.

Meta-Context and Choice-Set Effects in Mini-Dictator Games. / Panizza, Folco; Vostroknutov, Alexander; Coricelli, Giorgio.

Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics, 2019.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

TY - UNPB

T1 - Meta-Context and Choice-Set Effects in Mini-Dictator Games

AU - Panizza, Folco

AU - Vostroknutov, Alexander

AU - Coricelli, Giorgio

PY - 2019/4/16

Y1 - 2019/4/16

N2 - Knowing that some action is possible in principle, even if not available, could affect behaviour. This may happen because a game is perceived as part of a larger game or ‘metacontext’ that includes its outcomes as a proper subset. In an experiment we test the effects of meta-context and specific choice sets on pro-social behaviour in a series of binary mini-Dictator games by eliciting participants’ normative evaluations, fitting a norm-dependent utility, and analysing the residuals. We find that participants’ normative evaluations in mini-Dictator games derive from the meta-context (a standard Dictator game) and explain a sizeable portion of variance in choices. Restricted choice sets of mini-Dictator games also influence participants’ decisions: they take into account dictator’s losses and recipient’s gains from choosing the prosocial action as fractions of their respective maximum payoffs. This choice-set effect correlates with individual measures of rule-following propensity supporting the idea that it is also normative. Thus, there are two types of normative reasoning that contribute to pro-social behaviour: a meta-context and a choice-set effect.

AB - Knowing that some action is possible in principle, even if not available, could affect behaviour. This may happen because a game is perceived as part of a larger game or ‘metacontext’ that includes its outcomes as a proper subset. In an experiment we test the effects of meta-context and specific choice sets on pro-social behaviour in a series of binary mini-Dictator games by eliciting participants’ normative evaluations, fitting a norm-dependent utility, and analysing the residuals. We find that participants’ normative evaluations in mini-Dictator games derive from the meta-context (a standard Dictator game) and explain a sizeable portion of variance in choices. Restricted choice sets of mini-Dictator games also influence participants’ decisions: they take into account dictator’s losses and recipient’s gains from choosing the prosocial action as fractions of their respective maximum payoffs. This choice-set effect correlates with individual measures of rule-following propensity supporting the idea that it is also normative. Thus, there are two types of normative reasoning that contribute to pro-social behaviour: a meta-context and a choice-set effect.

KW - mini-Dictator games

KW - meta-context

KW - choice-set effects

KW - norms

KW - norm-dependent utility

M3 - Working paper

BT - Meta-Context and Choice-Set Effects in Mini-Dictator Games

PB - Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics

ER -

Panizza F, Vostroknutov A, Coricelli G. Meta-Context and Choice-Set Effects in Mini-Dictator Games. Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics. 2019 Apr 16.