Various definitions of myocardial infarction type 5 after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have been proposed (myocardial infarction [MI-5], also known as peri-procedural MI), using different biomarkers and different and arbitrary cut-off values. This meta-analysis aims to determine the expected release of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) after CABG in general and after uncomplicated surgery and off-pump CABG in particular. A systematic search was applied to 3 databases. Studies on CABG as a single intervention and reporting on postoperative hs-cTnT concentrations on at least 2 different time points were included. All data on hs-cTnT concentrations were extracted, and mean concentrations at various points in time were stratified. Eventually, 15 studies were included, encompassing 2,646 patients. Preoperative hs-cTnT was 17 ng/L (95% confidence interval [CI] 13 to 20 ng/L). Hs-cTnT peaked at 6 to 8 hours postoperatively (628 ng/L, 95% CI 400 to 856 ng/L; 45x upper reference limit [URL]) and was still increased after 48 hours. In addition, peak hs-cTnT concentration was 614 ng/L (95% CI 282 to 947 ng/L) in patients with a definite uncomplicated postoperative course (i.e., without MI). For patients after off-pump CABG compared to on-pump CABG, the mean peak hs-cTnT concentration was 186 ng/L (95% CI 172 to 200 ng/L, 13 x URL) versus 629 ng/L (95% CI 529 to 726 ng/L, 45 x URL), respectively. In conclusion, postoperative hs-cTnT concentrations surpass most of the currently defined cut-off values for MI-5, even in perceived uncomplicated surgery, suggesting thorough reassessment. Hs-cTnT release differences following on-pump CABG versus off-pump CABG were observed, implying the need for different cut-off values for different surgical strategies. (C) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.
- CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS