Merits of exercise therapy before and after major surgery

T.J. Hoogeboom, J.J. Dronkers, E.H.J. Hulzebos, N.L.U. van Meeteren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of reviewAdvances in medical care have led to an increasing elderly population. Elderly individuals should be able to participate in society as long as possible. However, with an increasing age their adaptive capacity gradually decreases, specially before and after major life events (like hospitalization and surgery) making them vulnerable to reduced functioning and societal participation. Therapeutic exercise before and after surgery might augment the postoperative outcomes by improving functional status and reducing the complication and mortality rate.Recent findingsThere is high quality evidence that preoperative exercise in patients scheduled for cardiovascular surgery is well tolerated and effective. Moreover, there is circumstantial evidence suggesting preoperative exercise for thoracic, abdominal and major joint replacement surgery is effective, provided that this is offered to the high-risk patients. Postoperative exercise should be initiated as soon as possible after surgery according to fast-track or enhanced recovery after surgery principles.SummaryThe perioperative exercise training protocol known under the name Better in, Better out' could be implemented in clinical care for the vulnerable group of patients scheduled for major elective surgery who are at risk for prolonged hospitalization, complications and/or death. Future research should aim to include this at-risk group, evaluate perioperative high-intensity exercise interventions and conduct adequately powered trials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-166
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Anesthesiology
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • exercise therapy
  • functional status
  • postoperative
  • preoperative
  • surgery
  • POSTOPERATIVE PULMONARY COMPLICATIONS
  • FRAIL OLDER-ADULTS
  • KNEE ARTHROPLASTY
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • TOTAL HIP
  • PREOPERATIVE EXERCISE
  • ENHANCED RECOVERY
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • REHABILITATION
  • MOBILITY

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