Memory self-efficacy predicts memory performance: results from a six-year follow-up study

S.A.M. Valentijn, R.D. Hill, S.A.H. van Hooren, H. Bosma, M.P.J. van Boxtel, J. Jolles, R.W.H.M. Ponds

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between memory self-efficacy (MSE) and a 6-year follow-up assessment of memory functioning in a sample of Dutch older adults. MSE was assessed by a Dutch abridged version of the Metamemory in Adulthood questionnaire (MIA; R. A. Dixon, D. F. Hultsch, & C. Hertzog, 1988; C. Hertzog, D. F. Hultsch, & R. A. Dixon, 1989; R. W. H. M. Ponds & J. Jolles, 1996). The total MSE score predicted memory performance at 6 years, as measured by the Visual Verbal Learning Task (VVLT; N. Brand & J. Jolles, 1985). A separate analysis of the different MSE subscales indicated that the MIA Change score was the most salient domain-specific MSE predictor of subsequent memory performance after 6 years. An extreme groups analysis of the MIA Change score revealed a pattern of performance for those who perceived that their memory was worsening, performing less well on the 3 trials of the VVLT when these were readministered at the 6-year follow-up.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-172
JournalPsychology and Aging
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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