Medical residents' perceptions of their competencies and training needs in health care management: an international comparison

Lizanne Berkenbosch*, Suzanne Gerdien Schoenmaker, Susannah Ahern, Charlotte Sojnaes, Linda Snell, Albert J. J. A. Scherpbier, Jamiu O. Busari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Previous research has shown that Dutch medical residents feel inadequate in certain management areas: 85% had a need for management training and reported preferences on the format of such training. Our objective was to explore if the perceived deficiencies and needs among Dutch residents were similar to those of their peers in other countries, and if a longer duration of the incorporation of the CanMEDS competency framework into curricula as well as management training had an influence on these perceptions. Methods: Medical residents from Denmark, Canada and Australia were approached for participation. The questionnaire used to survey the perceptions of Dutch residents was slightly modified, translated into English and sent by email to all international participants. Results: Response rates were; Denmark 719/2105 (34%), Canada 177/500 (35%) and Australia 194/1213 (16%) respectively. The Danish as well as the Canadian residents rated their negotiating skills poorly. In Australia the residents found their knowledge on how their specialist department was organized to be insufficient, while residents in the Netherlands rated their knowledge on how the healthcare system was organized as inadequate. In all of the countries, more than 70% of the residents reported a perceived need for management training. Conclusions: A majority of the residents in all countries felt the need for specific training in developing their management competencies. The adoption of the CanMEDS framework alone seems to be insufficient in meeting residents' perceived educational needs in this area.
Original languageEnglish
Article number25
JournalBMC Medical Education
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2013


  • Medical residents
  • CanMEDS
  • Managers role
  • Assessment
  • International comparison


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