Measuring oxidative burden and predicting pharmacological response in coronary artery disease patients with a novel direct activator of haem-free/oxidiseds GC

Ingo Ahrens*, Jonathon Habersberger, Nadege Baumlin, Hongwei Qian, Belinda K. Smith, Johannes-Peter Stasch, Christoph Bode, Harald H. H. W. Schmidt, Karlheinz Peter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective: The soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activator Cinaciguat (BAY 58-2667) represents a novel class of drugs that selectively activate oxidised sGC. The extent of oxidised sGC depends on the patient's oxidative burden. We here describe two platelet-based assays that allow determining the extent of oxidised sGC and thus provide a basis for an individualised pharmacotherapy. Methods/Results: Platelets obtained from patients with (n = 12) and without (n = 12) coronary artery disease (CAD) were examined by flow cytometry (P-selectin expression), and Western blots (vasodilator associated phosphoprotein, VASP-phosphorylation). Results were compared to maximal oxidation of sGC achieved by the oxidising agent ODQ (1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazole[4,3-a] quinoxalin-1-one). Treatment of platelets with Cinaciguat resulted in differential activation of oxidised sGC. Platelet P-selectin expression and VASP-phosphorylation revealed significant differences (p = 0.012, p = 0.039, respectively) between CAD and non-CAD patients. Conclusion: We describe platelet-based assays that allow the determination of patients' oxidative status and thus allow the prediction of pharmacological response to direct sGC activators.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-434
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume218
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • sGC
  • Platelets
  • Oxidative stress
  • Cinaciguat
  • BAY 58-2667
  • Coronary artery disease

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