Markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction are associated with incident cardiovascular disease, all-cause mortality, and progression of coronary calcification in type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria

Bernt Johan von Scholten*, Henrik Reinhard, Tine Willum Hansen, Casper G. Schalkwijk, Coen Stehouwer, Hans-Henrik Parving, Peter Karl Jacobsen, Peter Rossing

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Background: We evaluated markers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction and their associations with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), all-cause mortality and progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and microalbuminuria but without known coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Prospective study including 200 patients receiving multifactorial treatment. Markers of inflammation (TNF-a, sICAM-1, sICAM-3, hsCRP, SAA, IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8) and endothelial dysfunction (thrombomodulin, sVCAM-1, sICAM-1, sICAM-3, sE-selectin, sP-selectin) were measured at baseline. Adjustment included traditional CVD risk factors, and full adjustment additionally NT-proBNP and CAC. The "SQRT method" assessed CAC progression after 5.8 years, and cut-point was an annualised difference >2.5. Results: Occurrence of CVD (n = 40) and all-cause mortality (n = 26) was traced after 6.1 years. In adjusted and fully adjusted Cox models, TNF-a was a determinant of CVD and all-cause mortality (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-255
JournalJournal of Diabetes and Its Complications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016


  • Markers of inflammation
  • TNF-alpha
  • Coronary artery calcium score
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Microalbuminuria

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