Marine omega-3 fatty acids prevent myocardial insulin resistance and metabolic remodeling as induced experimentally by high insulin exposure

Veronika Franekova*, Yeliz Angin, Nicole T. H. Hoebers, Will A. Coumans, Peter J. Simons, Jan F. C. Glatz, Joost J. F. P. Luiken, Terje S. Larsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Web of Science)
24 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Insulin resistance is an important risk factor for the development of several cardiac pathologies, thus advocating strategies for restoring insulin sensitivity of the heart in these conditions. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFAs), mainly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20: 5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22: 6n-3), have been shown to improve insulin sensitivity in insulin-sensitive tissues, but their direct effect on insulin signaling and metabolic parameters in the myocardium has not been reported previously. The aim of this study was therefore to examine the ability of EPA and DHA to prevent insulin resistance in isolated rat cardiomyocytes. Primary rat cardiomyocytes were made insulin resistant by 48 h incubation in high insulin (HI) medium. Parallel incubations were supplemented by 200 mu M EPA or DHA. Addition of EPA or DHA to the medium prevented the induction of insulin resistance in cardiomyocytes by preserving the phosphorylation state of key proteins in the insulin signaling cascade and by preventing persistent relocation of fatty acid transporter CD36 to the sarcolemma. Only cardiomyocytes incubated in the presence of EPA, however, exhibited improvements in glucose and fatty acid uptake and cell shortening. We conclude that omega-3 PUFAs protect metabolic and functional properties of cardiomyocytes subjected to insulin resistance-evoking conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)C297-C307
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology-Cell Physiology
Volume308
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2015

Keywords

  • omega-3 PUFAs
  • cardiac metabolism
  • insulin resistance
  • CD36
  • adipose triglyceride lipase
  • sarcomere shortening

Cite this