Mapping-guided characterization of mechanical and electrical activation patterns in patients with normal systolic function using a sensor-based tracking technology

Christopher Piorkowski*, Ole-A. Breithardt, Hedi Razavi, Yelena Nabutovsky, Stuart P. Rosenberg, Craig D. Markovitz, Arash Arya, Sascha Rolf, Silke John, Jedrzej Kosiuk, Eric Olson, Charlotte Eitel, Yan Huo, Michael Doering, Sergio Richter, Kyungmoo Ryu, Thomas Gaspar, Frits W. Prinzen, Gerhard Hindricks, Philipp Sommer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Downloads (Pure)


Aims In times of evolving cardiac resynchronization therapy, intra-procedural characterization of left ventricular (LV) mechanical activation patterns is desired but technically challenging with currently available technologies. In patients with normal systolic function, we evaluated the feasibility of characterizing LV wall motion using a novel sensor-based, real-time tracking technology.

Methods and results Ten patients underwent simultaneous motion and electrical mapping of the LV endocardium during sinus rhythm using electroanatomical mapping and navigational systems (EnSite (TM) NavX (TM) and MediGuide (TM), SJM). Epicardial motion data were also collected simultaneously at corresponding locations from accessible coronary sinus branches. Displacements at each mapping point and times of electrical and mechanical activation were combined over each of the six standard LV wall segments. Mechanical activation timing was compared with that from electrical activation and preoperative 2D speckle tracking echocardiography (echo). MediGuide-based displacement data were further analysed to estimate LV chamber volumes that were compared with echo and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The lateral and septal walls exhibited the largest (12.5 [11.6-15.0] mm) and smallest (10.2 [9.0-11.3] mm) displacement, respectively. Radial displacement was significantly larger endocardially than epicardially (endo: 6.7 [5.0-9.1] mm; epi: 3.8 [2.4-5.6] mm), while longitudinal displacement was significantly larger epicardially (endo: 8.0 [5.0-10.6] mm; epi: 10.3 [7.4-13.8] mm). Most often, the anteroseptal/anterior and lateral walls showed the earliest and latest mechanical activations, respectively. 9/10 patients had concordant or adjacent wall segments of latest mechanical and electrical activation, and 6/10 patients had concordant or adjacent wall segments of latest mechanical activation as measured by MediGuide and echo. MediGuide's LV chamber volumes were significantly correlated with MRI (R-2 = 0.73, P <0.01) and echo (R-2 = 0.75, P <0.001).

Conclusion The feasibility of mapping-guided intra-procedural characterization of LV wall motion was established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1700-1709
Number of pages10
JournalEP Europace
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


  • Electromagnetic navigation
  • MediGuide
  • Speckle tracking echocardiography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • WALL

Cite this