Manipulating optimism: Can imagining a best possible self be used to increase positive future expectancies?

M.L. Peters, I.K. Flink, K. Boersma, S.J. Linton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This study tested whether a brief manipulation consisting of positive future thinking can temporarily increase optimism. Participants in the positive future thinking condition (n = 44) wrote about their best possible self (BPS) for 15 min, followed by 5 min of mental imagery. Participants in the control condition (n = 38) wrote about and imagined a typical day in their life. Positive and negative future expectancies and positive and negative affect were measured before and after each manipulation. Compared to the control manipulation, the positive future thinking manipulation led to significantly larger increase in positive affect and positive future expectancies. The increase in positive expectancies was not dependent on the mood effect. The results indicate that imagining a positive future can indeed increase expectancies for a positive future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of positive psychology
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010

Keywords

  • DEATH
  • DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
  • GOALS
  • HEALTH-BENEFITS
  • LIFE ORIENTATION TEST
  • PREDICTORS
  • THINKING
  • best possible self
  • future expectancies
  • manipulation
  • optimism
  • positive and negative affect

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