Making Radiomics More Reproducible across Scanner and Imaging Protocol Variations: A Review of Harmonization Methods

S.A. Mali*, A. Ibrahim, H.C. Woodruff, V. Andrearczyk, H. Muller, S. Primakov, Z. Salahuddin, A. Chatterjee, P. Lambin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Web of Science)
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Abstract

Radiomics converts medical images into mineable data via a high-throughput extraction of quantitative features used for clinical decision support. However, these radiomic features are susceptible to variation across scanners, acquisition protocols, and reconstruction settings. Various investigations have assessed the reproducibility and validation of radiomic features across these discrepancies. In this narrative review, we combine systematic keyword searches with prior domain knowledge to discuss various harmonization solutions to make the radiomic features more reproducible across various scanners and protocol settings. Different harmonization solutions are discussed and divided into two main categories: image domain and feature domain. The image domain category comprises methods such as the standardization of image acquisition, post-processing of raw sensor-level image data, data augmentation techniques, and style transfer. The feature domain category consists of methods such as the identification of reproducible features and normalization techniques such as statistical normalization, intensity harmonization, ComBat and its derivatives, and normalization using deep learning. We also reflect upon the importance of deep learning solutions for addressing variability across multi-centric radiomic studies especially using generative adversarial networks (GANs), neural style transfer (NST) techniques, or a combination of both. We cover a broader range of methods especially GANs and NST methods in more detail than previous reviews.
Original languageEnglish
Article number842
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • radiomics
  • harmonization
  • feature reproducibility
  • deep learning
  • medical imaging
  • ESTRO-SIOG GUIDELINES
  • CELL LUNG-CANCER
  • PROSTATE-CANCER
  • RECONSTRUCTION SETTINGS
  • ADVERSARIAL NETWORKS
  • TEXTURAL FEATURES
  • MEDICAL IMAGES
  • VARIABILITY
  • CT
  • DIAGNOSIS

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