Lubricant use and condom use during anal sex in men who have sex with men in Tanzania

Kim Agj Romijnders*, Joyce E Nyoni, Michael W Ross, Sheryl A McCurdy, Jessie Mbwambo, Gerjo Kok, Rik Crutzen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)


The lack of data on condom and lubricant use among African men who have sex with men (MSM) hinders prevention efforts. We describe use, knowledge, and access to lubricants in Dar es Salaam and Tanga, Tanzania. Data were collected in 2012 and 2013 from a cross-sectional survey of 200 MSM in Dar es Salaam and 100 MSM in Tanga, Tanzania. The most common reason for not using condoms was dislike of condoms. Two-thirds of the men reported always using a lubricant for anal sex. Results showed that: fewer men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW) know about lubricants; more MSM look for, have difficulty finding, and find lubricants to be expensive; and MSM use lubricants to facilitate penetration. MSMW commonly receive their lubricants from their sexual partner, while MSM got them from friends and pharmacies. HIV-negative MSM used lubricants to facilitate penetration and reduce pain. HIV-positive MSM are likely to get their lubricants from pharmacies or friends. MSMW use Vaseline (R) significantly more than MSM as a lubricant. Results suggest that HIV prevention knowledge among MSM is greater, so HIV prevention efforts should emphasise carrying water-based lubricant among MSMW. Consequently, there is an opportunity to co-market condoms and water-based lubricants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1289–1302
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Std & Aids
Issue number14
Early online date30 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016


  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • gay men
  • men who have sex with men
  • HIV prevention
  • anal sex
  • lubricant
  • RISK

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