Low Plasma Volume in Normotensive Formerly Preeclamptic Women Predisposes to Hypertension

Ralph R. Scholten*, Fred K. Lotgering, Maria T. Hopman, Arie Van Dijk, Maureen Van de Vlugt, Mirian C. H. Janssen, Marc E. A. Spaanderman

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Formerly preeclamptic women are at risk for cardiovascular disease. Low plasma volume may reflect latent hypertension and potentially links preeclampsia with chronic cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that low plasma volume in normotensive formerly preeclamptic women predisposes to hypertension. We longitudinally studied n=104 formerly preeclamptic women in whom plasma volume was measured 3 to 30 months after the preeclamptic pregnancy. Cardiovascular variables were assessed at 2 points in time (3-30 months postpartum and 2-5 years thereafter). Study population was divided into low plasma volume (1373 mL/m(2)) and normal plasma volume (>1373 mL/m(2)). Primary end point was hypertension at the second visit: defined as 140 mm Hg systolic or 90 mm Hg diastolic. Secondary outcome of this study was change in traditional cardiovascular risk profile between visits. Variables correlating univariately with change in blood pressure between visits were introduced in regression analysis. Eighteen of 104 (17%) formerly preeclamptic women who were normotensive at first visit had hypertension at second evaluation 2 to 5 years later. Hypertension developed more often in women with low plasma volume (10/35 [29%]) than in women with normal plasma volume (8/69 [12%]; odds ratio, 3.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.4-8.6). After adjustments, relationship between plasma volume status and subsequent hypertension persisted (adjusted odds ratio, 3.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-8.5). Mean arterial pressure at second visit correlated inverse linearly with plasma volume (r=-0.49; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1066-1072
JournalHypertension
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • blood pressure
  • hypertension
  • metabolic syndrome X
  • plasma volume
  • preeclampsia

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