Low-frequency oscillations reflect aberrant tone restoration during the auditory continuity illusion in schizophrenia

Joseph Wooldridge*, Mathis Kaiser, Yadira Roa Romero, Lars Riecke, Julian Keil, Daniel Senkowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Patients with schizophrenia (ScZ) often show impairments in auditory information processing. These impairments have been related to clinical symptoms, such as auditory hallucinations. Some researchers have hypothesized that aberrant low-frequency oscillations contribute to auditory information processing deficits in ScZ. A paradigm for which modulations in low-frequency oscillations are consistently found in healthy individuals is the auditory continuity illusion (ACI), in which restoration processes lead to a perceptual grouping of tone fragments and a mask, so that a physically interrupted sound is perceived as continuous. We used the ACI paradigm to test the hypothesis that low-frequency oscillations play a role in aberrant auditory information processing in patients with ScZ (N = 23). Compared with healthy control participants we found that patients with ScZ show elevated continuity illusions of interrupted, partially-masked tones. Electroencephalography data demonstrate that this elevated continuity perception is reflected by diminished 3 Hz power. This suggests that reduced low-frequency oscillations relate to elevated restoration processes in ScZ. Our findings support the hypothesis that aberrant low-frequency oscillations contribute to altered perception-related auditory information processing in ScZ.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11872
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • PERCEPTION
  • DYNAMICS
  • IMPAIRMENTS
  • DYSFUNCTION
  • SOUNDS
  • NOISE

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