Background: Adherence to an exercise programme impacts the outcome of physiotherapy treatment in patients with non-specific low back pain.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the patients' perspectives on long term adherence to such exercise programmes.
Design: This qualitative study was embedded in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) which compared the effectiveness of two types of exercise programme on patients with nonspecific low back pain.
Methods: Answers from 44 participants to three open-ended questions were analysed using thematic analysis.
Results/findings: Patients' perceptions related to the following themes: 1) the role of knowledge in long-term exercise adherence; 2) strategies to support exercise adherence; 3) barriers to exercise adherence 4) the role of perceived effects of exercise.
Conclusions: Adherence to long-term exercise is supported through knowledge of the exercises and correct performance. A self-initiated training strategy is the most successful in the perception of participants. Individually supervised physiotherapy treatment that includes coaching towards strategies for post-treatment long term exercise behaviour is recommended.
- Exercise therapy
- Movement control
- Low back pain
- Qualitative research