"Lost in time" but still moving to the beat

Valentin Bégel, Charles-Etienne Benoit, Angel Correa, Diana Cutanda, Sonja A Kotz, Simone Dalla Bella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Motor synchronization to the beat of an auditory sequence (e.g., a metronome or music) is widespread in humans. However, some individuals show poor synchronization and impoverished beat perception. This condition, termed "beat deafness", has been linked to a perceptual deficit in beat tracking. Here we present single-case evidence (L.A. and L.C.) that poor beat tracking does not have to entail poor synchronization. In a first Experiment, L.A., L.C., and a third case (L.V.) were submitted to the Battery for The Assessment of Auditory Sensorimotor and Timing Abilities (BAASTA), which includes both perceptual and sensorimotor tasks. Compared to a control group, L.A. and L.C. performed poorly on rhythm perception tasks, such as detecting time shifts in a regular sequence, or estimating whether a metronome is aligned to the beat of the music or not. Yet, they could tap to the beat of the same stimuli. L.V. showed impairments in both beat perception and tapping. In a second Experiment, we tested whether L.A. and L.C., and L.V.'s perceptual deficits extend to an implicit timing task, in which they had to respond as fast as possible to a different target pitch after a sequence of standard tones. The three beat-deaf participants benefited similarly to controls from a regular temporal pattern in detecting the pitch target. The fact that synchronization to a beat can occur in the presence of poor perception shows that perception and action can dissociate in explicit timing tasks. Beat tracking afforded by implicit timing mechanisms is likely to support spared synchronization to the beat in some beat-deaf participants. This finding suggests that separate pathways may subserve beat perception depending on the explicit/implicit nature of a task in a sample of beat-deaf participants..

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129–138
Number of pages10
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume94
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Auditory-motor integration
  • Beat deafness
  • CONGENITAL AMUSIA
  • DISSOCIATION
  • EXPLICIT
  • IMPLICIT
  • Implicit timing
  • MATLAB TOOLBOX
  • RHYTHM PERCEPTION
  • Rhythm perception
  • Rhythm production
  • SENSORIMOTOR SYNCHRONIZATION
  • Sensorimotor synchronization
  • TEMPORAL PREPARATION DRIVEN
  • TEST SCORE
  • TONE-DEAFNESS

Cite this

Bégel, V., Benoit, C-E., Correa, A., Cutanda, D., Kotz, S. A., & Bella, S. D. (2017). "Lost in time" but still moving to the beat. Neuropsychologia, 94, 129–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.11.022
Bégel, Valentin ; Benoit, Charles-Etienne ; Correa, Angel ; Cutanda, Diana ; Kotz, Sonja A ; Bella, Simone Dalla. / "Lost in time" but still moving to the beat. In: Neuropsychologia. 2017 ; Vol. 94. pp. 129–138.
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Bégel, V, Benoit, C-E, Correa, A, Cutanda, D, Kotz, SA & Bella, SD 2017, '"Lost in time" but still moving to the beat', Neuropsychologia, vol. 94, pp. 129–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.11.022

"Lost in time" but still moving to the beat. / Bégel, Valentin; Benoit, Charles-Etienne; Correa, Angel; Cutanda, Diana; Kotz, Sonja A; Bella, Simone Dalla.

In: Neuropsychologia, Vol. 94, 08.01.2017, p. 129–138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - "Lost in time" but still moving to the beat

AU - Bégel, Valentin

AU - Benoit, Charles-Etienne

AU - Correa, Angel

AU - Cutanda, Diana

AU - Kotz, Sonja A

AU - Bella, Simone Dalla

N1 - Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/1/8

Y1 - 2017/1/8

N2 - Motor synchronization to the beat of an auditory sequence (e.g., a metronome or music) is widespread in humans. However, some individuals show poor synchronization and impoverished beat perception. This condition, termed "beat deafness", has been linked to a perceptual deficit in beat tracking. Here we present single-case evidence (L.A. and L.C.) that poor beat tracking does not have to entail poor synchronization. In a first Experiment, L.A., L.C., and a third case (L.V.) were submitted to the Battery for The Assessment of Auditory Sensorimotor and Timing Abilities (BAASTA), which includes both perceptual and sensorimotor tasks. Compared to a control group, L.A. and L.C. performed poorly on rhythm perception tasks, such as detecting time shifts in a regular sequence, or estimating whether a metronome is aligned to the beat of the music or not. Yet, they could tap to the beat of the same stimuli. L.V. showed impairments in both beat perception and tapping. In a second Experiment, we tested whether L.A. and L.C., and L.V.'s perceptual deficits extend to an implicit timing task, in which they had to respond as fast as possible to a different target pitch after a sequence of standard tones. The three beat-deaf participants benefited similarly to controls from a regular temporal pattern in detecting the pitch target. The fact that synchronization to a beat can occur in the presence of poor perception shows that perception and action can dissociate in explicit timing tasks. Beat tracking afforded by implicit timing mechanisms is likely to support spared synchronization to the beat in some beat-deaf participants. This finding suggests that separate pathways may subserve beat perception depending on the explicit/implicit nature of a task in a sample of beat-deaf participants..

AB - Motor synchronization to the beat of an auditory sequence (e.g., a metronome or music) is widespread in humans. However, some individuals show poor synchronization and impoverished beat perception. This condition, termed "beat deafness", has been linked to a perceptual deficit in beat tracking. Here we present single-case evidence (L.A. and L.C.) that poor beat tracking does not have to entail poor synchronization. In a first Experiment, L.A., L.C., and a third case (L.V.) were submitted to the Battery for The Assessment of Auditory Sensorimotor and Timing Abilities (BAASTA), which includes both perceptual and sensorimotor tasks. Compared to a control group, L.A. and L.C. performed poorly on rhythm perception tasks, such as detecting time shifts in a regular sequence, or estimating whether a metronome is aligned to the beat of the music or not. Yet, they could tap to the beat of the same stimuli. L.V. showed impairments in both beat perception and tapping. In a second Experiment, we tested whether L.A. and L.C., and L.V.'s perceptual deficits extend to an implicit timing task, in which they had to respond as fast as possible to a different target pitch after a sequence of standard tones. The three beat-deaf participants benefited similarly to controls from a regular temporal pattern in detecting the pitch target. The fact that synchronization to a beat can occur in the presence of poor perception shows that perception and action can dissociate in explicit timing tasks. Beat tracking afforded by implicit timing mechanisms is likely to support spared synchronization to the beat in some beat-deaf participants. This finding suggests that separate pathways may subserve beat perception depending on the explicit/implicit nature of a task in a sample of beat-deaf participants..

KW - Auditory-motor integration

KW - Beat deafness

KW - CONGENITAL AMUSIA

KW - DISSOCIATION

KW - EXPLICIT

KW - IMPLICIT

KW - Implicit timing

KW - MATLAB TOOLBOX

KW - RHYTHM PERCEPTION

KW - Rhythm perception

KW - Rhythm production

KW - SENSORIMOTOR SYNCHRONIZATION

KW - Sensorimotor synchronization

KW - TEMPORAL PREPARATION DRIVEN

KW - TEST SCORE

KW - TONE-DEAFNESS

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.11.022

DO - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.11.022

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VL - 94

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JO - Neuropsychologia

JF - Neuropsychologia

SN - 0028-3932

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Bégel V, Benoit C-E, Correa A, Cutanda D, Kotz SA, Bella SD. "Lost in time" but still moving to the beat. Neuropsychologia. 2017 Jan 8;94:129–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.11.022