Loose Morphology and High Dynamism of OSER Structures Induced by the Membrane Domain of HMG-CoA Reductase

R.E. Grados-Torrez, C. Lopez-Iglesias, J.C. Ferrer, N. Campos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The membrane domain of eukaryotic HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR) has the conserved capacity to induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proliferation and membrane association into Organized Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (OSER) structures. These formations develop in response to overexpression of particular proteins, but also occur naturally in cells of the three eukaryotic kingdoms. Here, we characterize OSER structures induced by the membrane domain of Arabidopsis HMGR (1S domain). Immunochemical confocal and electron microscopy studies demonstrate that the 1S:GFP chimera co-localizes with high levels of endogenous HMGR in several ER compartments, such as the ER network, the nuclear envelope, the outer and internal membranes of HMGR vesicles and the OSER structures, which we name ER-HMGR domains. After high-pressure freezing, ER-HMGR domains show typical crystalloid, whorled and lamellar ultrastructural patterns, but with wide heterogeneous luminal spaces, indicating that the native OSER is looser and more flexible than previously reported. The formation of ER-HMGR domains is reversible. OSER structures grow by incorporation of ER membranes on their periphery and progressive compaction to the inside. The ER-HMGR domains are highly dynamic in their formation versus their disassembly, their variable spherical-ovoid shape, their fluctuating borders and their rapid intracellular movement, indicating that they are not mere ER membrane aggregates, but active components of the eukaryotic cell.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9132
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume22
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • HMG-CoA reductase
  • HMGR
  • HMGR vesicle
  • ER-HMGR domain
  • mevalonate
  • endoplasmic reticulum
  • OSER
  • high-pressure freezing
  • chemical fixation
  • CRYSTALLOID ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM
  • COENZYME-A REDUCTASE
  • BACTERIAL MESOSOMES
  • CUBIC MEMBRANES
  • FINE-STRUCTURE
  • UT-1 CELLS
  • PROTEIN
  • YEAST
  • PROLIFERATION
  • INCREASE

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