Longitudinal Study of Relations Between School Achievement and Smoking Behavior Among Secondary School Students in Finland: Results of the ESFA Study

Marjaana Pennanen*, Ari Haukkala, Hein de Vries, Erkki Vartiainen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Web of Science)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-579
JournalSubstance Use & Misuse
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • smoking behavior
  • smoking prevention
  • school achievement
  • adolescents
  • gender
  • ESFA

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