Longitudinal Changes in Body Composition in Patients After Initiation of Hemodialysis Therapy: Results From an International Cohort

D. Marcelli*, K van de Brand, P. Ponce, A. Milkowski, C. Marelli, E. Ok, J.I. Merello Godino, K. Gurevich, T. Jirka, J. Rosenberger, A. Di Benedetto, E. Ladanyi, A. Grassmann, L. Scatizzi, I. Bayh, J. Kooman, B. Canaud

*Corresponding author for this work

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OBJECTIVE: In patients with advanced kidney disease, metabolic and nutritional derangements induced by uremia interact and reinforce each other in a deleterious vicious circle. Literature addressing the effect of dialysis initiation on changes in body composition (BC) is limited and contradictory. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in BC in a large international cohort of incident hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A total of 8,227 incident adult end-stage renal disease patients with BC evaluation within the initial first 6 months of baseline, defined as 6 months after renal replacement therapy initiation, were considered. BC, including fat tissue index (FTI) and lean tissue index (LTI), were evaluated by Body Composition Monitor (BCM, Fresenius Medical Care, Bad Homburg, Germany). Exclusion criteria at baseline were lack of a BCM measurement before or after baseline, body mass index (BMI) < 18.5 kg/m2, presence of metastatic solid tumors, treatment with a catheter, and prescription of less or more than 3 treatments per week. Maximum follow-up was 2 years. Descriptive analysis was performed comparing current values with the baseline in each interval (delta analysis). Linear mixed models considering the correlation structure of the repeated measurements were used to evaluate factors associated with different trends in FTI and LTI. RESULTS: BMI increased about 0.6 kg/m2 over 24 months from baseline. This was associated with increase in FTI of about 0.95 kg/m2 and a decrease in LTI of about 0.4 kg/m2. Female gender, diabetic status, and low baseline FTI were associated with a significant greater increase of FTI. Age > 67 years, diabetes, male gender, high baseline LTI, and low baseline FTI were associated with a significant greater decrease of LTI. CONCLUSIONS: With the transition to hemodialysis, end-stage renal disease patients presented with distinctive changes in BC. These were mainly associated with gender, older age, presence of diabetes, low baseline FTI, and high baseline LTI. BMI increases did not fully represent the changes in BC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-80
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Renal Nutrition
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016


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