Long-term survival of stage T4N0-1 and single station IIIA-N2 NSCLC patients treated with definitive chemo-radiotherapy using individualised isotoxic accelerated radiotherapy (INDAR)

Bart Reymen*, Angela van Baardwijk, Rinus Wanders, Jacques Borger, Anne-Marie C. Dingemans, Gerben Bootsma, Cordula Pitz, Ragnar Lunde, Wiel Geraedts, Philippe Lambin, Dirk De Ruysscher

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stage T4N0-1 or single nodal station IIIA-N2 are two stage III sub-groups for which the outcome of non-surgical therapy is not well known. We investigated the results of individualised isotoxic accelerated radiotherapy (INDAR) and chemotherapy in this setting.Analysis of NSCLC patients included in 2 prospective trials (NCT00573040 and NCT00572325) stage T4N0-1 or IIIA-N2 with 1 pathologic nodal station, treated with chemo-radiotherapy (CRT) using INDAR with concurrent or sequential platinum-based chemotherapy. Overall survival (OS) was updated and calculated from date of diagnosis (Kaplan-Meier). Toxicity was scored following CTCAEv3.0. To allow comparison with other articles the subgroups were also analysed separately for toxicity, progression free and overall survival.83 patients (42 T4N0-1 and 41 IIIA-N2) were identified: the median radiotherapy dose was 65Gy. Thirty-seven percent of patients received sequential CRT and 63% received concurrent CRT. At a median follow-up of 48 months the median OS for T4N0-1 patients was 34 months with 55% 2-year survival and 25% 5-year survival. For stage IIIA-N2 at a median follow-up of 50 months the median OS was 26 months with 2- and 5-year survival rates of 53% and 24%, respectively.Chemo-radiation using INDAR yields promising survival results in patients with single-station stage IIIA-N2 or T4N0-1 NSCLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-487
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Combined modality treatment
  • T4

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