Long-Term Outcome of the Randomized DAPA Trial

Danielle M. Haanschoten, Arif Elvan*, Anand R. Ramdat Misier, Peter Paul H. M. Delnoy, Jaap Jan J. Smit, Ahmet Adiyaman, Fatma Demirel, Hein J. J. Wellens, Freek W. A. Verheugt, Jan Paul Ottervanger, DAPA Investigators

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background:

The randomized DAPA trial (Defibrillator After Primary Angioplasty) aimed to evaluate the survival benefit of prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation in early selected high-risk patients after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction.

Methods:

A randomized, multicenter, controlled trial compared ICD versus conventional medical therapy in high-risk patients with primary percutaneous coronary intervention, based on one of the following factors: left ventricular ejection fraction = 2 or TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) flow

Results:

A total of 266 patients, 78.2% males, with a mean age of 60.8 +/- 11.3 years, were enrolled. One hundred thirty-one patients were randomized to the ICD arm and 135 patients to the control arm. All-cause mortality was significant lower in the ICD group (5% versus 13%, hazard ratio, 0.37 [95% CI, 0.15-0.95]) after 3 years follow-up. Appropriate ICD therapy occurred in 9 patients at 3 years follow-up (5 within the first 8 months after implantation). After a median long-term follow-up of 9 years (interquartile range, 3-11), total mortality (18% versus 38%; hazard ratio, 0.58 [95% CI, 0.37-0.91]), and cardiac mortality (hazard ratio, 0.52 [95% CI, 0.28-0.99]) was significant lower in the ICD group. Noncardiac death was not significantly different between groups. Left ventricular ejection fraction increased >= 10% in 46.5% of the patients during follow-up, and the extent of improvement was similar in both study groups.

Conclusions:

In this prematurely terminated and thus underpowered randomized trial, early prophylactic ICD implantation demonstrated lower total and cardiac mortality in patients with high-risk ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

Registration:

URL: ; Unique identifier: Trial NL74 (NTR105).

Original languageEnglish
Article number008484
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation-Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • coronary artery disease
  • myocardial infarction
  • primary prevention
  • ventricular fibrillation
  • IMPLANTABLE CARDIOVERTER-DEFIBRILLATOR
  • SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH
  • ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
  • EJECTION FRACTION
  • TASK-FORCE
  • ASSOCIATION
  • RISK
  • INTERVENTION
  • DYSFUNCTION
  • GUIDELINES

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