Long-Term Effects on Loneliness of a Computer-Tailored Intervention for Older Adults With Chronic Diseases: A Randomized Controlled Trial

J.M. Boekhout*, E. Volders, C.A.W. Bolman, R.H.M. de Groot, L. Lechner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Objectives: This study explores the effects of the Active Plus intervention aiming to decrease loneliness among older adults (>65 years) with chronic diseases. Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed (N = 585; age: M = 74.5 years, SD = 6.4), assessing loneliness at baseline, 6 months and 12 months. Outcome measures in the multilevel linear regression analyses were total, social and emotional loneliness. Results: At 12 months, significant decreases in total (B = -.37, p = .01) and social loneliness (B = -.24, p = .02) were found. Age was a significant moderator for total and social loneliness; however, the intervention was effective only for participants aged 80 years and older. Discussion: The Active Plus intervention showed a significant decrease in total and social loneliness and was especially beneficial for the vulnerable age group of 80 years and older. A more comprehensive tool for measuring social activity and mobility impairments, and using a longer time frame to detect loneliness changes, may form interesting future research.
Original languageEnglish
Article number08982643211015027
Pages (from-to)865-876
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume33
Issue number10
Early online date7 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • loneliness
  • older adults
  • chronic diseases
  • mobility impairments
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • SOCIAL-ISOLATION
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • EMOTIONAL LONELINESS
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • HEALTH
  • PEOPLE
  • DISABILITY
  • AGE
  • METAANALYSIS

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