Long-term effects of consumption of full-fat or reduced-fat products in healthy non-obese volunteers: assessment of energy expenditure and substrate oxidation.

W.P.H.G. van Verboeket, K.R. Westerterp, T.J.F.M.B. Hermans-Limpens, C. de Graaf, K.H. van het Hof, J.A. Weststrate

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Abstract

Long-term effects of consumption of full-fat or reduced-fat products in healthy non-obese volunteers: assessment of energy expenditure and substrate oxidation.

Verboeket-van de Venne WP, Westerterp KR, Hermans-Limpens TJ, de Graaf C, van het Hof KH, Weststrate JA.

Department of Human Biology, University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

A study was performed to evaluate long-term (6-month) effects of consumption of full-fat products or reduced-fat products on energy and substrate metabolism. Subjects (age, 19 to 35 years; body mass index [BMI], 21 to 28 kg. m-2) were studied during a 36-hour stay in a respiration chamber, before (16 men) and in the third month (16 men) and sixth month (19 men and 17 women) of the study. The diet intervention caused, on average, a change in fat intake of (mean +/- SE) +23 +/- 31 g/d (P < .001) in the full-fat group and of -5 +/- 29 g/d (P .05) in the reduced-fat group. Twenty-four-hour energy expenditure (EE), sleeping metabolic rate (SMR), diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), and EE for physical activity (ACT) were not different between the groups. Fat oxidation was significantly (P < .05) increased in the full-fat group and was not different from fat intake. During the 6 months of the study, body mass and fat mass were significantly increased in subjects of the full-fat group, whereas there were no changes in body mass or body composition in subjects of the reduced-fat group. It is concluded that in the long run, avoidance of a diet with full-fat products will promote body weight and fast stability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1004-1010
JournalMetabolism-Clinical and Experimental
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

Cite this

van Verboeket, W. P. H. G., Westerterp, K. R., Hermans-Limpens, T. J. F. M. B., de Graaf, C., van het Hof, K. H., & Weststrate, J. A. (1996). Long-term effects of consumption of full-fat or reduced-fat products in healthy non-obese volunteers: assessment of energy expenditure and substrate oxidation. Metabolism-Clinical and Experimental, 45, 1004-1010. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0026-0495(96)90271-1