Background: As sodium, potassium and fluid intake are related to hypertension, an established risk factor for renal cell cancer (RCC), they may be independent risk factors for RCC. Methods: The Netherlands Cohort Study (NLCS) with case-cohort design included 120 852 participants aged 55-69 years. At baseline, diet and lifestyle were assessed with questionnaires. After 17.3 years of follow-up, 485 RCC cases and 4438 subcohort members were available for analyses. Results: Sodium intake increased RCC risk (P-trend = 0.03), whereas fluid and potassium intake did not. For high sodium and low fluid intake, the RCC risk additionally increased (P-interaction = 0.02). Conclusion: Sodium intake is a potential risk factor for RCC, particularly if fluid consumption is low.