Long-term compliance and results of intravesical botulinum toxin A injections in male patients

Mohammad S. Rahnama'i*, Tom A. T. Marcelissen, Beverley Brierley, Brigitte Schurch, Peter de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


IntroductionIntravesical injections with botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) is an established treatment for patients with overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. However, most studies have evaluated the efficacy of this treatment in women and report short-term results. In this study, we evaluated the long-term compliance of BoNT-A in a heterogeneous group of male patients.

Materials and MethodsThis is a retrospective, single-centre study. We evaluated all male patients who have been treated with BoNT-A from 2004 until 2010 in a large teaching hospital. Patients received 100-300U of onabotulinum toxin-A in 20 intravescial injections. Some patients received dose adjustment with repeated injections.

ResultsIn total, 88 male patients were included. The mean follow-up was almost 6 years (69 months). Of all patients, 22 (25%) continued BoNT-A treatment at last follow-up (success). Of the patients who discontinued treatment, 35 had insufficient effect and 27 had tolerability issues (eg, urinary retention, self-catheterisation, voiding LUTS). Four patients abandoned treatment due to other reasons that were not related to BoNT-A. Of all patients, 24% had to use intermittent catheterisation (de novo) or indwelling catheters at some point during the follow-up.

DiscussionIn this real-life, heterogeneous cohort of men, the long-term compliance with BoNT-A was 25%. Patients with neurogenic OAB symptoms appear to have the best results in our study with 36% of patients who were still on active treatment during last follow-up. Intravesical BoNT-A can be an effective treatment for men with OAB symptoms. In our study, only 25% of patients continued treatment during long-term follow-up. Larger, prospective trials are needed to confirm these results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1855-1859
Number of pages5
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2017


  • botox
  • botulinium toxine A
  • detrusor overactivity
  • male
  • men
  • overactive bladder syndrome
  • urgency

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