Long-Lasting Effects of a New Memory Self-efficacy Training for Stroke Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Laurien Aben*, Majanka H. Heijenbrok-Kal, Rudolf W. H. M. Ponds, Jan J. V. Busschbach, Gerard M. Ribbers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background and purpose. This study aims to determine the long-term effects of a new Memory Self-efficacy (MSE) training program for stroke patients on MSE, depression, and quality of life. Methods. In a randomized controlled trial, patients were allocated to a MSE training or a peer support group. Outcome measures were MSE, depression, and quality of life, measured with the Metamemory-In-Adulthood questionnaire, Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Who-Qol Bref questionnaire, respectively. We used linear mixed models to compare the outcomes of both groups immediately after training, after 6 months, and after 12 months, adjusted for baseline. Results. In total, 153 former inpatients from 2 rehabilitation centers were randomized-77 to the experimental and 76 to the control group. MSE increased significantly more in the experimental group and remained significantly higher than in the control group after 6 and 12 months (B = 0.42; P =.010). Psychological quality of life also increased more in the experimental group but not significantly (B = 0.09; P =.077). However, in the younger subgroup of patients (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-206
JournalNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014


  • stroke
  • rehabilitation
  • treatment
  • memory
  • memory self-efficacy

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