Local-oscillator noise coupling in balanced homodyne readout for advanced gravitational wave detectors

S. Steinlechner*, B.W. Barr, A.S. Bell, S.L. Danilishin, A. Glafke, C. Graf, J.S. Hennig, E.A. Houston, S.H. Huttner, S.S. Leavey, D. Pascucci, B. Sorazu, A. Spencer, K.A. Strain, J. Wright, S. Hild

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The second generation of interferometric gravitational wave detectors are quickly approaching their design sensitivity. For the first time these detectors will become limited by quantum backaction noise. Several backaction evasion techniques have been proposed to further increase the detector sensitivity. Since most proposals rely on a flexible readout of the full amplitude-and phase-quadrature space of the output light field, balanced homodyne detection is generally expected to replace the currently used DC readout. Up to now, little investigation has been undertaken into how balanced homodyne detection can be successfully transferred from its ubiquitous application in tabletop quantum optics experiments to large-scale interferometers with suspended optics. Here we derive implementation requirements with respect to local-oscillator noise couplings and highlight potential issues with the example of the Glasgow Sagnac Speed Meter experiment, as well as for a future upgrade to the Advanced LIGO detectors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number072009
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes



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