Liver test abnormalities predict complicated disease behaviour in patients with newly diagnosed Crohn's disease

Jessika Barendregt, Myrthe de Jong, Jeoffrey J. Haans, Bart van Hoek, James Hardwick, Roeland Veenendaal, Andrea van der Meulen, Nidhi Srivastava, Rogier Stuyt, Jeroen Maljaars*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Backgrounds In coeliac disease, the prevalence of liver test abnormalities (LTAs) is higher in patients with more severe mucosal inflammation. In Crohn's disease, prognosis is related to the severity of mucosal inflammation.

Aim The aim of this study was to investigate whether the presence of LTA predicts the occurrence of complicated disease behaviour in newly diagnosed Crohn's disease.

Methods A retrospective cohort study was performed in patients newly diagnosed with Crohn's disease between 2002 and 2011. The complicated disease was defined as the occurrence of stricturing and/or perforating disease. LTAs were defined as a value of any of alkaline phosphatase (AP), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) over the upper limit of normal.

Results Three hundred eighty-three patients were included, of whom 34.1% had LTA. LTAs were mostly mild (less than two times the upper limit of normal). During the 5-year follow-up, 33.1% of patients in the group with LTA developed complicated disease behaviour compared to 14.6% in patients without LTA (p <0.001). The presence of LTA was identified as a risk factor for complicated disease behaviour (HR 2.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-4.2, p <0.0001).

Conclusions In newly diagnosed Crohn's disease, the presence of LTA was an independent risk factor for the development of complicated disease behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-467
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Prognosis
  • Complications
  • INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE
  • PERIANAL DISEASE
  • CELIAC-DISEASE
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • PHENOTYPE
  • INJURY

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