Lipoprotein lipase-enhanced binding of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] to heparan sulfate is improved by apolipoprotein E (apoE) saturation: secretion-capture process of apoE is a possible route for the catabolism of Lp(a).

H.H. van Barlingen*, H.A. Kleinveld, D.W. Erkelens, T.W.A. de Bruin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

Recently, it has been recognized that cell-bound heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans (HSPG) are able to bind and subsequently initiate degradation of lipoproteins. Two mediators of lipoprotein catabolism, both with HS binding capacity, lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and apolipoprotein E (apoE), are involved in this process. This mechanism is known as the secretion-capture process of apoE. Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] was shown to have a strong binding capacity to cell-associated HSPG. This binding capacity was increased by LPL addition. We investigated the effects of recombinant apoE (r-apoE) enrichment of Lp(a) on the binding to HS. Lp(a), isolated by ultracentrifugation and gel filtration, was incubated with r-apoE and reisolated by ultracentrifugation, resulting in r-apoE-enriched Lp(a). ApoE-enriched Lp(a) and control Lp(a) were coated to microtiter plates. The capacity to bind biotin-conjugated HS (b-HS) in the presence or absence of inactivated bovine LPL was studied. R-apoE-enriched Lp(a) showed increased b-HS binding capacity versus control Lp(a). Addition of LPL resulted in an increased b-HS binding capacity of both control and r-apoE-enriched Lp(a). To investigate whether binding of Lp(a) to endothelial cell HSPG occurred in vivo, 39 volunteers were injected with heparin (50 U/kg) and plasma lipid and Lp(a) levels were determined before and 20 minutes after heparin injection. No significant increase in plasma Lp(a) concentrations was found. The results showed that Lp(a) can be enriched with apoE and that this resulted in increased LPL-enhanced binding to HSPG. From the in vitro studies, it can be concluded that the secretion-capture process of apoE is a possible catabolic route for Lp(a). However, whether this also occurs in vivo remains to be confirmed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650-655
Number of pages6
JournalMetabolism-Clinical and Experimental
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997

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