Oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) plays a key role in the initiation of atherosclerosis by increasing monocyte adhesion. The mechanism that is responsible for the oxLDL-induced atherogenic monocyte recruitment in vivo, however, still remains unknown. Oxidation of LDL generates lysophosphatidylcholine, which is the main substrate for the lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) generating enzyme autotaxin. We show that oxLDL requires endothelial LPA receptors and autotaxin to elicit CXCL1-dependent arterial monocyte adhesion. Unsaturated LPA releases endothelial CXCL1, which is subsequently immobilized on the cell surface and mediates LPA-induced monocyte adhesion. Local and systemic application of LPA accelerates the progression of atherosclerosis in mice. Blocking the LPA receptors LPA(1) and LPA(3) reduced hyperlipidemia-induced arterial leukocyte arrest and atherosclerosis in the presence of functional CXCL1. Thus, atherogenic monocyte recruitment mediated by hyperlipidemia and modified LDL crucially depends on LPA, which triggers endothelial deposition of CXCL1, revealing LPA signaling as a target for cardiovascular disease treatments.
|Publication status||Published - 4 May 2011|