Linoleic acid inhibits in vitro function of human and murine dendritic cells, CD4(+)T cells and retinal pigment epithelial cells

Xinyue Huang, Shenglan Yi, Jianping Hu, Ziyu Du, Qingfeng Wang, Zi Ye, Guannan Su, Aize Kijlstra, Peizeng Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)


Purpose Increased linoleic acid (LA) was observed in acute anterior uveitis (AAU) patient feces in our previous study. To investigate the immunoregulatory effect of LA, we studied the effect of LA on human and murine dendritic cells (DCs), CD4(+)T cells, and retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vitro. Methods The level of LA in feces from AAU patients and healthy individuals was measured by gas chromatography coupled with a mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The immunoregulatory effect of LA on human and murine DCs, CD4(+)T cells, and RPE cells was evaluated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and flow cytometry (FCM). The effect of LA on DCs was evaluated by Tandem mass tag (TMT)-based proteomics analysis. Results Increased LA was observed in feces from AAU patients (1018.35 +/- 900.01 mg/kg) as compared with healthy individuals (472.55 +/- 365.49 mg/kg,p= 0.0136). LA attenuated the antigen-presenting function of human and murine DCs by decreasing the expression of CD40, the secretion of IL-6 and IL-12p70, and the ability to shift naive T cells towards T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th17 cells. LA also inhibited the secretion of MCP-1 and IL-8 from RPE cells. Proteomics analysis showed differential expression of 28 proteins, including squalene epoxidase (SQLE), farnesyl-diphosphate farnesyltransferase 1 (FDFT1), and cytochrome P450 family 51 subfamily A member 1 (CYP51A1), in LA-treated DCs compared with controls. LA also accelerated the apoptosis of DCs from healthy individuals. Conclusion LA inhibited the function of human and murine DCs, CD4(+)T cells, and RPE cells, regulated the expression of proteins, and promoted the apoptosis of human DCs. These results collectively suggest that LA might decrease the function of immune cells in vitro, and further studies are needed to investigate its role in the pathogenesis of AAU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-998
Number of pages12
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number4
Early online date20 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Linoleic acid
  • Dendritic cells
  • CD4(+)T cells
  • Retinal pigment epithelial cells
  • Proteomics

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