Life satisfaction post stroke: the role of illness cognitions

M.L. van Mierlo, C.M. van Heugten, M.W.M. Post, P.L.M. de Kort, J.M.A. Visser-Meily

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe illness cognitions two months and two years post stroke and to investigate changes in illness cognitions over time. We also examined the associations between illness cognitions and life satisfaction at two months and two years post stroke and investigated if changes in illness cognitions predicted life satisfaction two years post stroke, taking demographic and stroke-related factors and emotional symptoms into account. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in which 287 patients were assessed at two months and two years post stroke. The illness cognitions helplessness (maladaptive), acceptance (adaptive) and perceiving benefits (adaptive) were measured with the Illness Cognition Questionnaire. Life satisfaction was assessed with two life satisfaction questions. Correlational and regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Patients experienced both maladaptive and adaptive illness cognitions two months and two years post stroke. Only acceptance increased significantly from two months to two years post stroke (p</=0.01). Helplessness, acceptance and perceiving benefits were significantly associated with life satisfaction at two months (R2=0.42) and two years (R2=0.57) post stroke. Furthermore, illness cognitions two months post stroke and changes in illness cognitions predicted life satisfaction two years post stroke (R2=0.57). CONCLUSION: Illness cognitions and changes in illness cognitions were independently associated with life satisfaction two years post stroke. It is therefore important during rehabilitation to focus on reducing maladaptive behavior and feelings to promote life satisfaction, and on promoting adaptive illness cognitions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

Keywords

  • ACCEPTANCE
  • BREAST-CANCER
  • DEPRESSION SCALE
  • HOSPITAL ANXIETY
  • INPATIENT REHABILITATION
  • Illness cognitions
  • LONG-TERM
  • Life satisfaction
  • PERCEPTIONS
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • QUESTIONNAIRE
  • Rehabilitation
  • SPINAL-CORD-INJURY
  • Stroke

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