Levels of heparin-releasable TFPI are increased in first-ever lacunar stroke patients

I. L. H. Knottnerus*, K. Winckers, H. ten Cate, T. M. Hackeng, J. Lodder, R. P. W. Rouhl, J. Staals, J. W. P. Govers-Riemslag, O. Bekers, R. J. van Oostenbrugge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Objectives: New insights in the pathophysiology of lacunar stroke (LS) suggest that it is caused by increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier due to endothelial activation. Because endothelial cells are the major production and storage site of tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), this protein can be used as marker of endothelial activation. In this observational study we measured the different pools of TFPI, as a marker of endothelial function, in first-ever lacunar stroke patients. Methods: We determined antigen levels of total and free full-length (FL) TFPI using ELISA in 149 patients and 42 controls. Heparin-releasable free FL TFPI was determined in a random subset of 17 patients and 15 controls. By brain MRI, we classified LS patients as having isolated lacunar infarct (ILA) or silent ischemic lesions (SILs). Results: Plasma levels of total TFPI were highest in patients with SILs compared with those with ILA, but this association disappeared after correction for age and levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. However, levels of heparin-releasable free FL TFPI were higher in patients than in controls. Conclusions: Although ambient plasma levels of total TFPI were not different in subtypes of LS, the increased levels of heparin-releasable TFPI in patients suggest a role of endothelial activation in the pathogenesis of LS. Neurology (R) 2012;78:493-498
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-498
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

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