Legitimate by nature? Examining the legitimisation activities implemented by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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International crimes cause widespread mortality and victimisation, leading to societal disruption that may take generations to heal. Over the years, the international community has established international courts to eliminate the culture of impunity and to enforce a culture of accountability. A critical success factor for these courts is ensuring that they are perceived as legitimate instruments of law. The legitimacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has been questioned due to its location, prosecuting only members of the Hutu ethnic group, the employment of former genocidaires, and the acquittals and early releases of those considered “most responsible” for the 1994 genocide. This research aims to examine the measures taken by the ICTR to promote its legitimacy. Legitimacy examines the factors that incentivise a community or society to consent to the legitimacy of an individual, group or institution. This case study focuses on how the ICTR gained, maintained and/or repaired its legitimacy.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • Klip, André, Supervisor
  • Moerland, Roland, Supervisor
Award date11 Mar 2022
Place of PublicationDen Haag
Print ISBNs9789462362598
Electronic ISBNs9789051892024
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Legitimacy
  • Transitional Justice
  • International Criminal Law
  • Rwanda

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