Left ventricular regional contraction abnormalities by echocardiographic speckle tracking in combined right bundle branch with left anterior fascicular block compared to left bundle branch block

Irene P. M. Leeters*, Ashlee Davis, Robbert Zusterzeel, Brett Atwater, Niels Risum, Peter Sogaard, Igor Klem, Robin Nijveldt, Galen S. Wagner, Anton P.M. Gorgels, Joseph Kisslo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: In contrast to LBBB patients less is known about patients with RBBB + LAFB regarding LV contractile abnormalities and the potential role of CRT. This study investigated whether patients with RBBB + LAFB morphology have echocardiographic mechanical strain abnormalities between the inferior and anterior LV walls, similar to abnormalities between septal and lateral walls in LBBB. Methods and results: Ten healthy volunteers with no-BBB, 28 LBBB and 28 RBBB + LAFB heart failure patients were included in this retrospective study. Two-dimensional regional-strains were obtained by speckle-tracking. Scar was assessed by CMR. Response on echo was defined as normal, classical, borderline or other pattern. The number of classical patterns in LBBB was significantly higher than in RBBB + LAFB and no-BBB groups (p <0.001 for both). Contrary, the RBBB + LAFB group showed a significantly higher number of borderline patterns compared to other groups (LBBB: p = 0.042, no-block: p = 0.012). In addition, RBBB + LAFB patients had more scar than LBBB patients (9.9% vs 3.4%, p = 0.041), and the average amount of scar in each wall was also higher in RBBB + LAFB (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-361
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Right bundle branch block
  • Left anterior fascicular block
  • Speckle tracking echocardiography
  • Regional strain
  • Strain patterns
  • Dyssynchrony

Cite this