Leaving the Doors Open or Keeping them Closed? The Impact of Transparency on the Authority of Peer Reviews in International Organizations

Valentina Carraro, Hortense Jongen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Although transparency is frequently employed to enhance the legitimacy of public organizations, several scholars point to its potentially negative implications. This study analyzes the impact of transparency on the authority of peer reviews in international organizations. Authority, here conceived as rooted in legitimacy beliefs, is crucial for peer reviews to produce effects. This research is based on results from an online survey and forty-three interviews with actors involved in two United Nations peer reviews: the Universal Periodic Review in human rights and the Implementation Review Mechanism in the fight against corruption. The article shows that transparency positively affects the perceived development of pressure, yet negatively influences mutual learning and appears to be unable to ensure equal treatment of states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)615-635
Number of pages21
JournalGlobal Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • authority
  • transparency
  • United Nations
  • peer reviews
  • HUMAN-RIGHTS
  • SOFT LAW
  • COORDINATION
  • GOVERNANCE

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