Layer-by-layer biofabrication of coronary covered stents with clickable elastin-like recombinamers

Alicia Fernandez-Colino, Frederic Wolf, Ricardo Moreira, Stephan Ruetten, Thomas Schmitz-Rode, J. Carlos Rodriguez-Cabello, Stefan Jockenhoevel*, Petra Mela*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death around the world. Endovascular stenting is the preferred treatment option to restore blood flow in the coronary arteries due to the lower perioperative morbidity when compared with more invasive treatment options. However, stent failure is still a major clinical problem, and further technological solutions are required to improve the performance of current stents. Here, we developed coronary stents covered with elastin-like recombinamers (ELRs) by exploiting a layer-by-layer technique combined with catalyst-free click chemistry. The resulting ELR-covered stents were intact after an in vitro simulated implantation procedure by balloon dilatation, which evidenced the elastic performance of the membrane. Additionally, the stents were mechanically stable under high flow conditions, which is in agreement with the covalent and stable nature of the click chemistry crosslinking strategy exploited during the ELR-membrane manufacturing and the successful embedding of the stent. Minimal platelet adhesion was detected after blood exposure in a Chandler loop as shown by scanning electron microscopy. The seeding of human endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) on the ELR-membranes resulted in a confluent endothelial layer. These results prove the potential of this strategy to develop an advanced generation of coronary stents, with a stable and bioactive elastin-like membrane to exclude the atherosclerotic plaque from the blood stream or to seal coronary perforations and aneurysms, while providing a luminal surface with minimal platelet adhesion and favouring endothelialization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109334
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Coronary stents
  • Layer-by-layer
  • Elastin-like recombinamers
  • Biobased covered stents
  • Click chemistry
  • Hemocompatibility
  • SAPHENOUS-VEIN GRAFTS
  • ELUTING STENTS
  • RESTENOSIS
  • STRATEGIES
  • BLOOD
  • POLYPEPTIDES
  • IMPLANTATION
  • ENDOTHELIUM
  • THROMBOSIS
  • HYDROGELS

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