Kinetics of thrombin-induced release and activation of platelet factor V

Dominique Baruch, H. Coenraad Hemker, Theo Lindhout

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    The kinetics of thrombin-induced platelet factor V activation were studied in suspension of washed human platelets. The effect of thrombin in stimulating the release reaction could be separated from its effect on factor V activation by use of a potent inhibitor of the release reaction, the prostacyclin analogue ZK 36374. When platelets were incubated with ZK 36374 prior to stimulation with thrombin, the amount of ZK 36374 required to inhibit 50% of factor Va formation was 15 pM. ZK 36374 at a final concentration of 1 nM was found to block instantaneously and completely the release of factor Va, whereas it has no effect neither on platelet factor V activation nor on the factor Va assay. By varying the time interval between the addition of thrombin (0.5 nM) and ZK 36374 to suspensions of 4.6 X 10(6) platelets/ml the rate of factor V release was found to be 12 pM factor V/min. In the absence of ZK 36374 the total amount of factor V released was 8 pM, whereas Triton X-100-treated platelets gave 13 pM factor V. It appeared that the amount of factor V that could be released was dependent on the thrombin concentration. Maximum release was obtained at 1 nM thrombin. The rate of factor V release increased in proportion to the thrombin concentration. The rate of factor V activation was found to be proportional to the thrombin concentration as well as to the amount of released factor V. When 4.6 X 10(6) platelets/ml were activated by 0.5 nM thrombin, the rates of factor V activation were found to be 0.3 pM and 1.2 pM factor Va/min at 20% and 90% completion of the release reaction. Therefore, the rate of factor V release was at least one order of magnitude faster than the rate of factor V activation. The kinetics of thrombin-induced platelet factor V activation were compared to those of plasma factor V activation in platelet-rich and platelet-free plasma. The results clearly demonstrate that platelets have no effect on the rate of factor V activation and that the kinetics of plasma factor V activation are identical to those of platelet factor V activation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)213-218
    Number of pages6
    JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1986

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