Janus 3D printed dynamic scaffolds for nanovibration-driven bone regeneration

Sandra Camarero-Espinosa, Lorenzo Moroni*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The application of physical stimuli to cell cultures has shown potential to modulate multiple cellular functions including migration, differentiation and survival. However, the relevance of these in vitro models to future potential extrapolation in vivo depends on whether stimuli can be applied "externally", without invasive procedures. Here, we report on the fabrication and exploitation of dynamic additive-manufactured Janus scaffolds that are activated on-command via external application of ultrasounds, resulting in a mechanical nanovibration that is transmitted to the surrounding cells. Janus scaffolds were spontaneously formed via phase-segregation of biodegradable polycaprolactone (PCL) and polylactide (PLA) blends during the manufacturing process and behave as ultrasound transducers (acoustic to mechanical) where the PLA and PCL phases represent the active and backing materials, respectively. Remote stimulation of Janus scaffolds led to enhanced cell proliferation, matrix deposition and osteogenic differentiation of seeded human bone marrow derived stromal cells (hBMSCs) via formation and activation of voltage-gated calcium ion channels. Fabrication of dynamic, reversible and biocompatible scaffolds with non-invasive external triggers has so far been limited. Here, the authors report on the creation of 3D printed scaffolds with Janus structure that produce nanovibrations when exposed to ultrasound, promoting bone regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1031
Number of pages12
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • AMORPHOUS CALCIUM-PHOSPHATE
  • MESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS
  • ULTRASOUND
  • STIMULATION
  • DESIGN
  • DIFFERENTIATION
  • TRANSLATION
  • ZEBRAFISH

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