Isoprostanes are prostaglandin-like bioactive molecules generated via nonenzymatic peroxidation of lipid membrane-derived arachidonic acid by free radicals and reactive oxygen species. Their cognate receptors, biological actions, and signaling pathways are poorly understood. Aside from being sensitive and specific biomarkers of oxidative stress, E- and F-ring isoprostanes have important biological functions and likely mediate many of the disease-related pathological changes for which they are used as indicators. The biochemical pathways involved in isoprostane formation, their pathogenetic relevance to adult disease states, and their biological function are addressed. Developmentally, plasma and tissue content data show that isoprostane levels are highest during fetal and early neonatal life, when compared with adults. As such, the available data suggesting that isoprostanes play an important biological role, as well as possibly actively participate in the regulation of pulmonary vascular tone and the transition from fetal to postnatal life, are here reviewed. Lastly, the association between isoprostanes and certain neonatal clinical conditions is addressed. Although its existence has been recognized for almost 20 years, little is known about the critical importance of isoprostanes during fetal life and immediate neonatal period. This review is an attempt to bridge this knowledge gap.
|Journal||Free Radical Biology and Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jan 2010|
- Cardiovascular System