Background: Isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase (IBD) is a mitochondrial enzyme catalysing the third step in the degradation of the essential branched-chain amino acid valine and is encoded by ACAD8. ACAD8 mutations lead to isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (IBDD), which is identified by increased C4-acylcarnitine levels. Affected individuals are either asymptomatic or display a variety of symptoms during infancy, including speech delay, cognitive impairment, failure to thrive, hypotonia, and emesis.Methods: Here, we review all previously published IBDD patients and describe a girl diagnosed with IBDD who was presenting with autism as the main disease feature.Results: To assess whether a phenotype-genotype correlation exists that could explain the development or absence of clinical symptoms in IBDD, we compared CADD scores, in silico mutation predictions, LoF tolerance scores and C4-acylcarnitine levels between symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals. Statistical analysis of these parameters did not establish significant differences amongst both groups.Conclusion: As in our proband, trio whole exome sequencing did not establish an alternative secondary genetic diagnosis for autism, and reported long-term follow-up of IBDD patients is limited, it is possible that autism spectrum disorders could be one of the disease-associated features. Further long-term follow-up is suggested in order to delineate the full clinical spectrum associated with IBDD.
- genotype-phenotype correlation
- isobutyryl-coa dehydrogenase deficiency
- tandem mass-spectrometry
- whole exome sequencing
- isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
- TANDEM MASS-SPECTROMETRY