Is There an Additional Value in Detecting Anticardiolipin and Anti-β2 glycoprotein I IgA Antibodies in the Antiphospholipid Syndrome?

Walid Chayoua, Dong-mei Yin, Hilde Kelchtermans, Gary W. Moore, Jean-Christophe Gris, Jacek Musial, Stephane Zuily, Hugo ten Cate, Bas de Laat, Katrien M. J. Devreese*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background Anticardiolipin (aCL) and anti-beta 2 glycoprotein I (a beta 2GPI) immunoglobulin A (IgA) antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have shown to associate with thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity. However, inclusion of IgA aPL in the classification criteria of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) has been debated. We investigated the value of aCL and a beta 2GPI IgA aPL in the detection of thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity in addition to the current aPL panel for APS.

Methods We included 1,068 patients from eight European medical centers: 259 thrombotic APS patients, 122 obstetric APS patients, 204 non-APS thrombosis patients, 33 non-APS obstetric patients, 60 APS patients with unspecified clinical manifestations, 196 patients with autoimmune diseases, and 194 controls. aCL and a beta 2GPI IgG/M/A were detected with four commercial assays and lupus anticoagulant was determined by the local center.

Results Positivity for IgA aPL was found in 17 to 26% of the patients with clinical manifestations of APS and in 6 to 13% of the control population. Both aCL and a beta 2GPI IgA were significantly associated with thrombosis and pregnancy morbidity. Isolated IgA positivity was rare in patients with clinical manifestations of APS (0.3-5%) and not associated with thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity. Addition of IgA to the current criterion panel did not increase odds ratios for thrombosis nor pregnancy morbidity.

Conclusion aCL and a beta 2GPI IgA are associated with clinical manifestations of APS. However, isolated IgA positivity was rare and not associated with thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity. These data do not support testing for aCL and a beta 2GPI IgA subsequent to conventional aPL assays in identifying patients with thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1557-1568
Number of pages12
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume120
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • antiphospholipid antibodies
  • thrombosis
  • pregnancy morbidity
  • immunoglobulin A
  • SYSTEMIC-LUPUS-ERYTHEMATOSUS
  • EXTERNAL QUALITY-ASSURANCE
  • CLINICAL-SIGNIFICANCE
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • ASSAYS
  • ANTIPHOSPHATIDYLSERINE/PROTHROMBIN
  • MANIFESTATIONS
  • IMMUNOASSAY
  • ASSOCIATION
  • POSITIVITY

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