Is it possible to differentiate between Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and acute anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction?

Fabienne E. Vervaat*, Thomas E. Christensen, Loes Smeijers, Lene Holmvang, Philip Hasbak, Balazs M. Szabo, Jos W. M. G. Widdershoven, Galen S. Wagner, Lia E. Bang, Anton P. M. Gorgels

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Introduction: Several studies have investigated the ability of the twelve-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) to reliably distinguish Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) from an acute anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). In these studies, only ECG changes were required ST-segment deviation and/or T-wave inversion in TC whereas in acute anterior STEMI, ECGs had to meet STEMI criteria. In the majority of these studies, patients of both genders were used even though TC predominantly occurs in women. The aim of this study is to see whether TC can be distinguished from acute anterior STEMI in a predominantly female study population where all patients meet STEMI-criteria. Methods: Retrospective analysis of the ST-segment changes was done on the triage ECGs of 37 patients with TC (34 female) and was compared to the triage ECGs of 103 female patients with acute anterior STEMI. The latter group was divided into the following subgroups: 46 patients with proximal, 47 with mid and 10 with distal LAD occlusion. Three ST-segment based ECG features were investigated: (1) Existing criterion for differentiating anterior STEMI from TC: ST-segment depression >0.5 mm in lead aVR + ST-segment elevation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-519
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy
  • Acute anterior myocardial infarction

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