Is Academic Achievement Related to Mediterranean Diet, Substance Use and Social-Cognitive Factors: Findings from Lebanese Adolescents

Joyce Hayek*, Francine Schneider, Maya Tueni, Hein de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

There is substantial evidence that good academic performance significantly enhances the prospects of success for adolescents in terms of employment, social status, quality of life and health. Identifying which factors are correlated to good academic achievement and which factors may need to be addressed by policies is crucial. Despite its importance, there is insufficient data concerning factors associated with academic achievement in the Middle East, particularly Lebanon. This study assessed the association of lifestyle, socio-demographics and motivational factors with academic achievement of Lebanese adolescents. Grade 10 and 11 Lebanese adolescents aged 15 to 18 years (n = 600), from private and public schools in Beirut and the Mount Lebanon area, completed a multi-component questionnaire assessing health behaviors, socio-demographic characteristics and motivational factors. Height and weight were physically measured and, subsequently, Body Mass Index was calculated. Academic achievement was assessed using self-reported grades and was categorized into high and low. Associations between all factors and academic achievement were tested using logistic regression models. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet, high self-efficacy and intention were positively associated with academic achievement, whereas smoking was associated with poor achievement. Our findings support the need for targeting adolescents with an unhealthier lifestyle and focusing on socio-cognitive determinants interventions aimed at enhancing academic achievement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1535
Number of pages19
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • health behaviors
  • Mediterranean diet
  • socio-cognitive factors
  • academic achievement
  • adolescents
  • Lebanon
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE
  • SELF-EFFICACY BELIEFS
  • OF-THE-LITERATURE
  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • STUDENT PERFORMANCE
  • SECONDARY-SCHOOL
  • HEALTH BEHAVIOR
  • QUALITY INDEX
  • CHILDREN
  • SMOKING

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