Ionic dialysance and the assessment of Kt/V: the influence of different estimates of V on method agreement

K.E. Moret, C.H. Beerenhout, A.W. Van den Wal-Bake, P.G. Gerlag, F.M. van der Sande, K.M. Leunissen, J.P. Kooman*

*Corresponding author for this work

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BACKGROUND: Ionic dialysance was recently introduced as a means to assess Kt/V (K(ID)t/V). With this method, urea distribution volume (V) has to be estimated. The primary aim of the present study was to assess the agreement between equilibrated Kt/V assessed by urea kinetic modelling (eKt/V) with K(ID)t/V taking into account different estimates of V, and to assess the monthly variation in V. Secondly, the mechanisms behind the intra-treatment changes in ionic dialysance and inter-treatment variability of K(ID)t/V were assessed. METHODS: Sixty-six patients were included. eKt/V was estimated using 30 min post-treatment sampling in the second generation Daugirdas equation. V was assessed by the formulae of Watson and Chertow (V(Watson); V(Chertow)), double-pool urea kinetic modelling (V(UKM)) and by ionic dialysance (V(IOD)) [Diascan; Hospal(R)]. RESULTS: The use of V(UKM) or V(IOD) instead of V(Watson) or V(Chertow) improved the relation between eKt/V and K(ID)t/V (both r = 0.93; P < 0.001 vs r = 0.84 and r = 0.81; P < 0.001). Mean values of eKt/V (1.19 +/- 0.21), K(ID)t/V(UKM) (1.19 +/- 0.30) and K(ID)t/V(IOD) (1.21 +/- 0.25) were comparable. Intra-class correlation coefficient of V(IOD) was 0.87 with a 1-month interval and <0.75 after 2 and 3 months. Intra-class correlation coefficient of V(DP) was 0.79 with a 1-month interval and <0.75 after 2 and 3 months. Inter-treatment variation in K(ID)t/V during six consecutive dialysis sessions was 6.1% +/- 0.6%. Changes in blood flow were the main determinant of variations in K(ID)t/V (P < 0.05). During treatment, ionic dialysance decreased by 12 +/- 13 ml/min (P < 0.001). The decline in blood volume was the major determinant of the intra-dialytic change in ionic dialysance (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The use of V(IOD) and V(UKM) results in better agreement between eKt/V and K(ID)t/V compared with anthropometric formulae. K(ID)t/V was comparable with eKt/V and thus lower than expected for a single-pool method. V(IOD) and V(UKM), should be assessed at least monthly. K(ID)t/V varies widely between consecutive dialysis sessions, mainly due to differences in blood flow. During treatment, ionic dialysance decreases, which is related to the relative decline in blood volume.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2276-2282
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

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