Involving Parents in Promoting Healthy Energy Balance-Related Behaviors in Preschoolers: A Mixed Methods Impact and Process Evaluation of SuperFIT

L.S.E. Harms*, S.M.P.L. Gerards, S.P.J. Kremers, K.M.H.H. Bessems, C. van Luijk, T. Arslan, F.M. Mombers, J.S. Gubbels

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Parental involvement is an essential component of obesity prevention interventions for children. The present study provides a process and impact evaluation of the family component of SuperFIT. SuperFIT is a comprehensive, integrated intervention approach aiming to improve energy balance-related behaviors (EBRBs) of young children (2-4 years). A mixed methods design combined in-depth interviews with parents (n = 15) and implementers (n = 3) with questionnaire data on nutritional and physical activity-related parenting practices (CFPQ and PPAPP), the physical home environment (EPAO_SR) (n = 41), and intervention appreciation (n = 19). Results were structured using the concepts of reach, adoption, implementation, and perceived impact. Findings indicated that the families reached were mostly those that were already interested in the topic. Participants of the intervention appreciated the information received and the on-the-spot guidance on their child's behavior. Having fun was considered a success factor within the intervention. Parents expressed the additional need for peer-to-peer discussion. SuperFIT increased awareness and understanding of parents' own behavior. Parents made no changes in daily life routines or the physical home environment. Translating knowledge and learned strategies into behavior at home has yet to be achieved. To optimize impact, intervention developers should find the right balance between accessibility, content, and intensity of interventions for parents.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1605
Number of pages19
JournalNutrients
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Keywords

  • children
  • home
  • intervention
  • impact
  • nutrition
  • parents
  • physical activity
  • preschoolers
  • process evaluation
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • OBESITY PREVENTION
  • CHILDHOOD OVERWEIGHT
  • FEEDING PRACTICES
  • DIETARY PATTERNS
  • HOME-ENVIRONMENT
  • INTERVENTIONS
  • CHILDREN
  • ASSOCIATIONS
  • FAMILY

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