Investigating longitudinal and cross cultural measurement invariance of Inglehart’s short Post-materialism scale

Lianne Ippel*, John PTM Gelissen, Guy BD Moors

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Inglehart applies a four item ranking scale to measure post-materialism which is used for cross-cultural and cross-temporal comparative purposes. The aim of this research is to test measurement invariance of the scale to establish to what extent the scale produces comparable results in time and between countries. We use Eurobarometer data to test longitudinal comparability for ten countries (France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy, West-Germany, Luxembourg, Denmark, Ireland, Great Britain and North Ireland) over a period of 20 years (1976-1997). With the exception of Denmark the within-country longitudinal comparisons indicate that measurement invariance is a tenable assumption. However, the findings of the cross-cultural analyses indicate that the meaning assigned to the four items differs slightly between countries, indicating a lack of comparability of the average level of post-materialism between countries. Findings also suggest that a lack of unidimensionality of the scale might cause this incomparability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)919-932
Number of pages14
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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