Intraintestinal Delivery of Tastants Using a Naso-Duodenal-Ileal Catheter Does Not Influence Food Intake or Satiety

Tim Klaassen*, Annick M. E. Alleleyn, Mark van Avesaat, Freddy J. Troost, Daniel Keszthelyi, Adrian A. M. Masclee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Intraduodenal activity of taste receptors reduces food intake. Taste receptors are expressed throughout the entire gastrointestinal tract. Currently, there are no data available on the effects of distal taste receptor activation. In this study, we investigate the effect of intraduodenal and/or intraileal activation of taste receptors on food intake and satiety. In a single-blind randomized crossover trial, fourteen participants were intubated with a naso-duodenal-ileal catheter and received four infusion regimens: duodenal placebo and ileal placebo (DPIP), duodenal tastants and ileal placebo (DTIP), duodenal placebo and ileal tastants (DPIT), duodenal tastants and ileal tastants (DTIT). Fifteen minutes after cessation of infusion, subjects received an ad libitum meal to measure food intake. Visual analog scale scores for satiety feelings were collected at regular intervals. No differences in food intake were observed between the various interventions (DPIP: 786.6 +/- 79.2 Kcal, DTIP: 803.3 +/- 69.0 Kcal, DPIT: 814.7 +/- 77.3 Kcal, DTIT: 834.8 +/- 59.2 Kcal, p = 0.59). No differences in satiety feelings were observed. Intestinal infusion of tastants using a naso-duodenal-ileal catheter did not influence food intake or satiety feelings. Possibly, the burden of the four-day naso-duodenal-ileal intubation masked a small effect that tastants might have on food intake and satiety.

Original languageEnglish
Article number472
Number of pages10
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • satiety
  • tastants
  • food intake
  • intraduodenal infusion
  • intraileal infusion
  • overweight
  • weight management
  • GASTROINTESTINAL-TRACT
  • TASTE RECEPTORS
  • CHOLECYSTOKININ
  • EXPRESSION
  • INFUSION
  • BRAKE
  • CELLS
  • GUSTDUCIN
  • PROTEINS
  • APPETITE

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