Intraduodenal administration of intact pea protein effectively reduces food intake in both lean and obese male subjects.

M.C. Geraedts, F.J. Troost, M.J.M. Marjet Munsters, J.H.C.H. Stegen, R. de Ridder, J.M. Conchillo, J.W. Kruimel, A.A.M. Masclee, W.H. Saris

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Abstract

Background: Human duodenal mucosa secretes increased levels of satiety signals upon exposure to intact protein. However, after oral protein ingestion, gastric digestion leaves little intact proteins to enter the duodenum. This study investigated whether bypassing the stomach, through intraduodenal administration, affects hormone release and food-intake to a larger extent than orally administered protein in both lean and obese subjects. Methods: Ten lean (BMI: 23.0 +/- 0.7 kg/m(2)) and ten obese (BMI:33.4 +/- 1.4 kg/m(2)) healthy male subjects were included. All subjects randomly received either pea protein solutions (250 mg/kg bodyweight in 0.4 ml/kg bodyweight of water) or placebo (0.4 ml/kg bodyweight of water), either orally or intraduodenally via a naso-duodenal tube. Appetite-profile, plasma GLP-1, CCK, and PYY concentrations were determined over a 2 h period. After 2 h, subjects received an ad-libitum meal and food-intake was recorded. Results: CCK levels were increased at 10(p
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere24878
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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