Intervention Characteristics Associated With a Reduction in Fear of Falling Among Community-Dwelling Older People: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

M. Kruisbrink*, K. Delbaere, G.I.J.M. Kempen, R. Crutzen, T. Ambergen, K.L. Cheung, D. Kendrick, S. Iliffe, G.A.R. Zijlstra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

13 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Fear of falling (FoF) is associated with decreased physical functioning and an increased fall risk. Interventions generally demonstrate moderate effects and optimized interventions are needed. Intervention characteristics, such as setting or delivery method may vary. We investigated which overarching intervention characteristics are associated with a reduction in FoF in community-dwelling older people.Research Design and Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in community-dwelling older people without specific diseases was performed. Associations between intervention characteristics and standardized mean differences (SMD) were determined by univariate meta-regression. Sensitivity analyses were performed.Results: Data on 62 RCTs were extracted, 50 intervention groups were included in the meta-analysis. Most intervention characteristics and intervention types were not associated with the intervention effect. Supervision by a tai chi instructor (SMD: -1.047, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -1.598; -0.496) and delivery in a community setting (SMD: -0.528, 95% CI: -0.894; -0.161) were-compared to interventions without these characteristics-associated with a greater reduction in FoF. Holistic exercise, such as Pilates or yoga (SMD: -0.823, 95% CI: -1.255; -0.392), was also associated with a greater reduction in FoF. Delivery at home (SMD: 0.384, 95% CI: 0.002; 0.766) or with written materials (SMD: 0.452, 95% CI: 0.088; 0.815) and tailoring were less effective in reducing FoF (SMD: 0.687, 95% CI: 0.364; 1.011).Discussion and Implications: Holistic exercise, delivery with written materials, the setting and tailoring potentially represent characteristics to take into account when designing and improving interventions for FoF in community-dwelling older people. PROSPERO international prospective register of systematic reviews, registration ID CRD42018080483.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E269-E282
Number of pages14
JournalGerontologist
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Accidental falls
  • Intervention effectiveness
  • Falls self-efficacy
  • TAI-CHI-CHUAN
  • PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE
  • BALANCE CONFIDENCE
  • IMPROVE MOBILITY
  • ELDERLY-PEOPLE
  • ADULTS
  • RISK
  • PREVENTION
  • EXERCISE
  • MULTIFACTORIAL

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